Materials and methods. Studies were conducted on 72 women with essential hypertension (EH), divided into 2 subgroups: first (EH-1) included 37 women suffering from stage II EH and under medical therapy, the second (EH-2) consisted of patients who underwent along with medication treatment, regular courses of kinesitherapy. To evaluate the characteristics of HRV, a photoplethysmography method was used. The following indicators were used: SDRR is the standard deviation of all cardiointervals, RMSSD is the square root of the average sum of squares of cardiointerval differences, LF – is the oscillation power in the low frequency range, due to the activity of the sympathetic section, HF – is the power in the high frequency range, associated with respiratory movements and caused by vagal activity, LF/HF – is the power ratio, reflecting sympathetic balance, CVI – nonlinear parasympathetic index, CSI – nonlinear sympathetic index.
Results. It was established that the average heart rate in women of both groups is approximately the same, while all other indicators (with the exception of LF/HF and CSI) were significantly higher in patients EH-2 group. In patients EH-2 group, there is a significantly larger value of SDRR, RMSSD, LF, HF. In the frequency analysis, no increase in the total power of cardiointerval oscillations and autonomic balance (LF/HF) was detected. A pronounced increase in the nonlinear parasympathetic index (CVI) has been shown, while the sympathetic index (CSI) remained unchanged.
Conclusion. Regular use of kinesitherapy courses helps to increase the tone of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system, which is significantly depressed in EH.
Key words: hypertension, kinesitherapy, heart rate variability, HRV, sympathetic tone, parasympathetic tone, autonomic balance.
About the Author
1Chita State Medical Academy, Chita, Russia;
2Innovation Clinic Academy of Health, Chita, Russia
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For citation:Smolyakov Y.N., Kuznik B.I., Guseva E.S., Davydov S.O. Heart rate variability in women with essential hypertension under exposure of regular moderate physical training. Systemic Hypertension. 2019; 16 (4): 61–64. DOI: 10.26442/2075082X.2019.4.190636